Youth, Peace and Security: A Programming Handbook, developed by the United Nations with the generous support of the Folke Bernadotte Academy – the Swedish Agency for Peace, Security and Development – aims to contribute to operational readiness and capacity United Nations practitioners to implement the Youth, Peace and Security (JPS) agenda.
For the United Nations, the development of the manual has been led by the United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations Development Program and the Peacebuilding Support Office of the Department of Political and Political Affairs. peacebuilding, in consultation with a task force comprising various United Nations entities represented. at global, regional and national levels, as well as the partners of the Folke Bernadotte Academy.
The manual is intended for use by national, regional and global teams of the United Nations system, but it can also provide information and guidance to practitioners in the field beyond the United Nations, including other international organizations. or regional, national counterparts, youth-led and youth-focused organizations, movements and networks, and peacebuilding organizations.
The programming manual builds on recent evidence and growing momentum to prioritize inclusive and youth-friendly peace and security programming as a central component of more sustainable and sustainable peacebuilding efforts. sustainable. It follows the interagency guiding principles on youth participation in peacebuilding and develops promising practices and limitations identified by the following practice note on youth participation in peacebuilding. The findings and recommendations of The Missing Peace: Independent Progress Study on Youth, Peace and Security also serve as a basis to guide youth-led and focused peacebuilding programs. In addition, the manual builds on a review of existing guidance and lessons learned from previous youth-focused peacebuilding efforts, both by the UN system and by partner organizations. The aim of the manual is therefore to complement the existing guidelines by filling in the gaps and responding to the priorities identified by the young people and the partners in a concrete and user-friendly way.
At the heart of the manual are approaches for meaningful inclusion of young people throughout the analysis, design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of peacebuilding programs and projects. Meaningful inclusion involves identifying the specific needs and potential of young men and women of diverse backgrounds in relation to peacekeeping.
After an overview of the YPS agenda and background on changing attitudes towards the role of youth in peacebuilding in the introduction, the manual offers strategic guidance and practical advice on its operational implementation.
Chapter 1 provides guidance for ensuring meaningful youth participation, arguing that youth engagement makes projects effective. This chapter offers specific recommendations on who to engage and how to engage, and formulates specific evaluation questions to consider.
Chapter 2 presents tools and operational steps to undertake a conflict analysis that takes young people into account and includes young people, and aims to provide an overview of the specific situation of young people, the context and how age is related to dynamics of conflicts and opportunities for peace. Young people can lead or co-lead the analysis process and should be involved to ensure conflict sensitivity and do no harm.
chapter 3 sets out approaches to develop YPS strategic priorities and theories of change, with examples related to political participation, economic empowerment and decent jobs, education and gender. Youth-friendly theories of change help clarify programming assumptions and increase project effectiveness. Collaborating with young people in formulating these strategic priorities and theories of change can reduce the risk of teams making assumptions that are incompatible with the lived experience of young people.
Chapter 4 discusses the formulation of YPS outcome statements and indicators, stressing the importance, when developing a YPS project, of focusing on ‘positive peace’ outcomes and conflict transformation for solutions longer term. Working with young people in the indicator design process can help identify what needs to be measured.
Chapter 5 provides guidance for monitoring YPS projects. Monitoring programs should be created to include sources of information specific to young people. Partnerships with young people can improve understanding of contexts by shaping and monitoring.
Chapter 6 explores how to assess the impact – and not just the outputs and direct outcomes – of YPS programs and the meaningful inclusion of young people. It deals with youth-sensitive, youth-led and youth-focused assessments. Working with young people in monitoring and evaluation increases the organization’s transparency and accountability to young people, and can improve uptake of recommendations.
Chapter 7 offers a series of YPS programming entry points, illustrated by concrete project examples, structured in accordance with the five pillars of Security Council resolution 2250: participation, protection, prevention, partnerships, and disengagement and reintegration.
The successful implementation of this manual will ensure that projects and programs are informed by a full understanding of the ways in which young people live and participate in their societies, and their interaction with issues of peace and security.